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Editor’s note: Calls to reform, defund or even outright abolish police in the U.S. are coming from many corners of American society. The Conversation asked several scholars who study different aspects of policing to explain what their research has found could help reduce police prejudice and violence. Kirssa Cline Ryckman, Jennifer Earl, Jessica Maves Braithwaite, University of Arizona Police have a saying, “better to be judged by 12 than carried by six,” acknowledging they might face a jury if they use excessive force, but it’s preferable to being killed in the line of duty. Many police oppose civilian oversight of their departments, which could prevent both crimina…
25.06.2020 · From The_Conversation_USA
On January 21, New Jersey became the ninth state in the nation to ban the gay panic defense, a strategy that the governor said is “rooted in homophobia.” W. Carsten Andresen, a criminal justice scholar, has been building a database of murder cases that use the gay panic defense. We asked him to tell us more about these cases, and what sets them apart from other murder trials. What is the gay panic defense? This is when a man kills someone and claims that he was prote…
30.01.2020 · From The_Conversation_USA
El almacenamiento de datos global se encuentra en punto muerto. Como broche a la cumbre del G20 celebrada en junio en Japón, algunos países en vías de desarrollo se negaron a firmar la declaración internacional sobre los flujos de datos, denominada Huella de Osaka. Uno de los motivos por los que países como India, Indonesia y Sudáfrica boicotearon la declaración fue que no pudieron hacer valer sus intereses en el citado documento. La declaración, que lleva la firma de otros 50 signatarios, ha quedado en una promesa para reanudar las neg…
30.01.2020 · From The_Conversation_Spain
Pauses in answers, body movements, elusive or angry looks, confusion, anxiety — the facial expressions and gestures made by witnesses matter in court. Conclusions about the credibility of witnesses can hang on their nonverbal behaviour. Nonverbal communication generally refers to messages conveyed through means other than words, whether via facial expr…
02.05.2019 · From The_Conversation_Canada