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Dans son bulletin épidémiologique hebdomadaire du 19 février, Santé publique France fait le point sur la consommation d’alcool et ses conséquences pour la santé dans notre pays. Un chiffre en particulier retient l’attention : 10 % des 18-75 ans boivent à eux seuls 58 % de l’alcool consommé en France. Cette proportion n’est pas sans rappeler le célèbre principe de Pareto, ou « principe des 80-20 », mis en évidence au XIXe siècle par l’économiste italien Vilfredo Pareto. À travers plusieurs études il avait montré que ...
18.02.2019 · From The_Conversation_France
Most drug research focuses on the harms they cause, but studying the pleasure they provide will improve our understanding of why people use them. Among other things, this knowledge could be used to help people who develop drug problems, such as dependency. These people have often experienced significant trauma in their lives and use drugs to self-medicate. If we knew more about how this self-medication worked, we could radically transform our approach to treatment. We have a lot to gain by conducting research that takes a more…
14.02.2019 · From The_Conversation_UK
Is it better to spend £3 on a bacon sandwich or a pint of beer? Or to spend £2,000 on a holiday in the Seychelles rather than fix a leaky roof? As consumers we are usually very able to decide which option offers the better return on our investment – and often those returns will be improvements to our quality of life. Valuing the what are known as the “affective consequences” – that is, the consequences which relate to our feelings and attitudes – of consumption decisions like this allows both individuals and policy makers to work out how best to s…
13.02.2019 · From The_Conversation_UK
As the festival season ramps up this summer, so has the ecstasy death toll. There have now been five deaths that might have been preventable if people knew what was in the drugs they were taking. This has led to a flurry of calls for governments to introduce pill testing by specialists at festivals. What many people might not know is they can already legally purchase reagent test kits to test their drugs at home (although possession of the drugs is still illegal). So, d…
08.01.2019 · From The_Conversation_Australia