Browse Articles By Category: - Alcohol & other drugs
Dans son bulletin épidémiologique hebdomadaire du 19 février, Santé publique France fait le point sur la consommation d’alcool et ses conséquences pour la santé dans notre pays. Un chiffre en particulier retient l’attention : 10 % des 18-75 ans boivent à eux seuls 58 % de l’alcool consommé en France. Cette proportion n’est pas sans rappeler le célèbre principe de Pareto, ou « principe des 80-20 », mis en évidence au XIXe siècle par l’économiste italien Vilfredo Pareto. À travers plusieurs études il avait montré que ...
18.02.2019 · From The_Conversation_France
Most drug research focuses on the harms they cause, but studying the pleasure they provide will improve our understanding of why people use them. Among other things, this knowledge could be used to help people who develop drug problems, such as dependency. These people have often experienced significant trauma in their lives and use drugs to self-medicate. If we knew more about how this self-medication worked, we could radically transform our approach to treatment. We have a lot to gain by conducting research that takes a more…
14.02.2019 · From The_Conversation_UK
Is it better to spend £3 on a bacon sandwich or a pint of beer? Or to spend £2,000 on a holiday in the Seychelles rather than fix a leaky roof? As consumers we are usually very able to decide which option offers the better return on our investment – and often those returns will be improvements to our quality of life. Valuing the what are known as the “affective consequences” – that is, the consequences which relate to our feelings and attitudes – of consumption decisions like this allows both individuals and policy makers to work out how best to s…
13.02.2019 · From The_Conversation_UK
As the festival season ramps up this summer, so has the ecstasy death toll. There have now been five deaths that might have been preventable if people knew what was in the drugs they were taking. This has led to a flurry of calls for governments to introduce pill testing by specialists at festivals. What many people might not know is they can already legally purchase reagent test kits to test their drugs at home (although possession of the drugs is still illegal). So, d…
08.01.2019 · From The_Conversation_Australia
Pill testing is a rare opportunity to speak to drug users about their drug use. For many years experts in the field of drug policy in Australia have known existing policies are failing. Crude messages (calls for total abstinence: “just say no to drugs”) and even cruder enforcement strategies (harsher penalties, criminalisation of drug users) have had no impact on the use of drugs or the extent of their harmful effects on the community. Whether we like it or not, drug use is common in our society, especially among young people. In 2016 43% of ...
07.01.2019 · From The_Conversation_Australia
Listening to friends who are grieving can be more important than saying something. For all the warm memories and goodwill shared during the holiday season, for many it is a time of acute grief. The American opioid crisis is rightfully understood as the worst public health crisis in American history, killing over 70,000 people last year alone. Behind the statistics are the private, aching pains for loved ones lost. As part of my research on grief in the American opioid epidemic, I attended over 30 community events, vigils and support group meetings, and int…
20.12.2018 · From The_Conversation_USA
Screens now dominate so much of people’s daily lives, it’s no wonder that digital environments can very easily become sites of mental disorder. This is an especially big problem for young people, who are growing up with unprecedented access to technology. According to recent research, 54% of US teens reported feeling that they spend too much time on mobile devices, and two thirds of parents are worried about this as well. But while some would seek to curtail young people’s exposure to digital worlds - by banning smartphones in schoo…
19.12.2018 · From The_Conversation_UK
Students rolling a joint in a classroom. Marijuana may not lead them to other drugs, a study suggests. With the legalization of cannabis for adults becoming increasingly widespread, more adolescents will be trying the drug. And parents will be wondering what the consequences will be for their teens should they try and continue to use marijuana. A few decades ago, there was considerable concern that cannabis use was a gateway to more serious problems, such as socializing with drug-using peers and delinquent behavior. In fact, a study of a large cohort of youth in …
12.12.2018 · From The_Conversation_USA
The UK is believed to have one of the highest rates of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome in the world. Last year, it was reported that the UK has one of the worst rates of drinking while pregnant in Europe. These figures come from a study which shows 41% of women in the UK drank alcohol during their pregnancy. Among UK women who drink any alcohol when pregnant, an estimated 19% drink more than seven units of alcohol on one occasion. This is defined as binge drinking. Research has also found that the UK has one of the highest predicted prevalence of ...
11.12.2018 · From The_Conversation_UK
According to recent reports, the number of children with gambling problems has “quadrupled to more than 50,000 in just two years”. The alarming figures come from the UK Gambling Commission’s latest annual statistics, which showed that the prevalence of problem gambling among children had risen to 1.7%, compared with 0.4% in 2016 and 0.9% in 2017. To put these figures into context, problem gambling among teenagers overall has actually been declining in the UK over the past 20 years. A review of research revealed that in 2000, roughly 5% of teenagers met the cr…
04.12.2018 · From The_Conversation_UK
The UK has the fourth highest prevalence of drinking in pregnancy in the world. This puts a significant number of people at risk of a group of conditions known as foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Until now, though, the prevalence of FASD in the UK has not been known. For our study, we followed the development of 13,495 children born in the west of England in the early 1990s. Using a wide range of information on their development and their mothers’ reported drinking in pregnancy, we developed a screening tool and found that …
30.11.2018 · From The_Conversation_UK
Recent headlines claim that a glass of wine or a pint of beer a day shortens your life. It’s enough to dampen any thoughts of a celebratory drink or two at Christmas. But those conclusions are based on a partial view of the alcohol debate. No one disputes the fact that many people drink too much alcohol. The controversy centres on whether even low levels of consumption are safe. There is now good evidence that the risks versus benefits of alcohol are strongly influenced by the type of alcohol and the way it is drunk. Yet many studies have not included…
23.11.2018 · From The_Conversation_UK
Cannabis seedlings are shown at the new Aurora Cannabis facility, November 24, 2017 in Montréal. Canada currently finds itself at the intersection of two historic social phenomena with massive implications for public health. First, after decades of restricting public access to marijuana, on Oct. 17, Canada became the first major industrial nation to fully legalize cannabis for both medicinal and recreational usage. Second, we find ourselves in the throes of a worsening opioid addiction crisis that has already caused the deaths of thousands of Canadians,…
22.11.2018 · From The_Conversation_Canada
MDMA, the active compound in the recreational drug ecstasy, is popularly known to increase one’s love, affection and desire to interact with everyone around. Our latest research suggests that this may not be entirely accurate. Instead, it looks like the effect of MDMA on social interactions may depend on the behaviour of the interacting partner. In a controlled trial, we gave 20 men MDMA and asked them to play the prisoner’s dilemma while lying in a brain scanner. The prisoner’s dilemma is the classic task used to examine cooperative behaviour. …
19.11.2018 · From The_Conversation_UK
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