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Recent Articles
Antidepressants bring in almost $17 billion a year for the pharmaceutical industry, and yet science shows their benefit to be small. Natural therapies such as diet, exercise, light therapy and cognitive behavioural therapy are just as effective. Winter is upon us. And with it comes the annual worsening of depressive symptoms. Sadly, in the United States, suicide continues to claim more lives than firearms, and suicide rates are increasing in nearly all states. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that death by suicide has increased by 30 per cent since 19…
2 days ago · From The_Conversation_Canada
Dr Jim O'Connell and therapy dog Maestro spend some time with a client at the medical respite centre in Boston. Why treat people and send them back to the conditions that made them sick? – Michael Marmot, The Health Gap, 2015 “Homelessness is one of the most intractable and complex problems facing cities around the globe,” says my colleague Dr Jim O’Connell from the Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program (BHCHP). It is somewhat sobering to hear that Boston is now into its third “ten-year plan” to end homelessness. Despite …
2 days ago · From The_Conversation_Australia
It’s widely reported that there’s been an increase in street violence, particularly in London - with the number of knife and gun crimes rising. While the causes are complex and multifaceted, victims and perpetrators of serious youth violence often lack a relationship with a trusted adult. One way to help reduce crime is to use ex-offenders as peer mentors. Those who have overcome adversity and stopped offending can act as positive role models for their peers – especially teenagers who are at risk of committing crime or being drawn into gang activ…
3 days ago · From The_Conversation_UK
When individuals from different groups interact positively and cooperate online, society changes for the better. The internet often gets a bad rap, and for good reason. Social media use can contribute to poorer mental health in teens. It can also be used to manipulate users’ emotions, and to disseminate misinformation and click bait to sway public opinion. The internet is also home to countless online communities that have been founded on hatred towards social diversity. These online hate groups often incite violence between political, ethnic and religious groups in…
3 days ago · From The_Conversation_Australia
Suspending a student for wagging school likely wouldn't have the desired punitive effect. New research released today reveals extraordinary increases in suspensions and exclusions in Queensland state schools. But these increases don’t necessarily mean student behaviour is getting worse. Education reform and changes in school policy can also contribute to rising rates of school exclusions and suspensions. Some groups of students can be more adversely affected by these changes than others. It is important to examine policy effects because suspensions and exclusions ar…
3 days ago · From The_Conversation_Australia
The fact that parents may be physically absent from schools does not mean they are disinterested in their children's academic and professional success. There is a persistent perception among public high school administrators and staff that working-class immigrant parents are disinterested and uninvolved in their children’s education. Parental engagement in schooling globally has been seen as increasingly crucial over the last 15 years. The Ontario Ministry of Education has emphasized its importance for student success.
4 days ago · From The_Conversation_Canada
Research shows marginalized communities are marked by a profound sense of community, supportive social networks -- and resilience. The proliferation of gun violence in Toronto this year prompted troubling responses during the city’s recent mayoral and city council campaigns. Now dethroned city councillor Giorgio Mammoliti publicly dehumanized Toronto’s Jane-Finch neighbourhood this summer, figuratively invoking genocide when he characterized residents of the Jane-Finch…
4 days ago · From The_Conversation_Canada
Salads are a lot less healthy once you make additions like croutons and a creamy dressing. Many people wonder why they’re not losing weight when they follow a strict diet and exercise routine. One possible reason is that what look like healthy options aren’t what they seem. Many foods and drinks contain hidden fats, sugars or salt, each of which will curb your weight loss efforts. In addition to the kilojoules, these flavoursome foods leave you wanting more. Losing weight is largely about tipping the balance of kilojoules in and out. If you’re trying to lose weight …
4 days ago · From The_Conversation_Australia
A group of people with something in common is called a 'cohort' in research.This article is part of the series This is research, where we ask academics to share and discuss open access articles that reveal important aspects of science. Today’s piece looks at a vital concept in medical studies: the cohort Are you in a cohort? Perhaps a posse of friends, a sporting team, the “class of 1989” Facebook group from your former school? “Cohort” is collective term used to refer to people with something in common – historically it described a group of sol…
7 days ago · From The_Conversation_Australia
Governments have made a difference to inequality in the past, as Roosevelt's New Deal did in the 1930s, and could do so again if citizens acted to ensure their voices are heard. Deepening economic inequality is a scourge across most of the world’s democracies. For decades now, the gap between the wealthiest and the poorest has been widening. This has very real and very dangerous consequences for people’s mental and physical health and for the cohesion of our communities. So why isn’t anything serious being done about it?
7 days ago · From The_Conversation_Australia
Younger Australians struggle more with loneliness than older generations. One in four Australians are lonely, our new report has found, and it’s not just a problem among older Australians – it affects both genders and almost all age groups. The Australian Loneliness Report, released today by my colleagues and I at the Australian Psychological Society and Swinburne University, found one in two (50.5%) Australians feel lonely for at least one day in a week, while more than one in four (27.6%) feel lonely for three or more days.
7 days ago · From The_Conversation_Australia
People often experience trauma during war. Over time, this can develop into a condition we now recognise as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Sufferers can experience severe anxiety, flashbacks, nightmares, insomnia and anger, amongst other symptoms. It has a long history. Cases of PTSD have been identified from descriptions in ancient Greek history of people experiencing persistent nightmares. Other symptoms, such as feeling anxious and constantly on edge, were described as “soldier’s heart” during the American Civil War. …
8 days ago · From The_Conversation_UK
People in Miami learn about Amendment 4. Voters in Florida approved a ballot measure on Tuesday that restores voting rights to citizens with felony convictions once they have completed their full sentence. The newly elected Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis opposed the measure called Amendment 4. But more than 64 percent of Florida voters voted in favor of the amendment – well above the 60 percent support that was needed for it to pass. This means that 1.5 million U.S. citizens i…
9 days ago · From The_Conversation_USA
Few medical schools offer training in addictions medicine and most doctors feel they lack the specialist expertise to deal with the inpatient opioid crisis.
9 days ago · From The_Conversation_Canada
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